All possible citation elements in order of appearance:

author | title | subtitle | editor, compiler or translater | edition | volume | series title | volume number |  publication: city, publisher, and date | page number | Source type: DVD, CD-ROM, or the URL location for an Internet source | date accessed

  • Include the edition if the citation is not the first
  • Include volume if a multi volume work is referred to as a whole
  • Include the volume number within a series if the series is numbered
  • Universally known publication cities such as New York or London can stand alone, if readers might be confused, or the a city with the same name exists, the state may be added with a comma after the city name
  • If the place of publication is unknown, n.p. may be used before the publisher's name within square brackets
  • Copyright dates are usually the same as publication dates. If the year of publication is unknown, the abbreviation n.d. in brackets, can be used in place of the year
  • If the year can be guessed, place the guessed year followed by a question mark (?) within brackets
  • For multiple years, only include the date that is of interest to the reader

Books with two through ten authors

  • List all author names in the order in which they appear on the title page. Only the first name is inverted
  • Use "and" between the authors names. For three authors, place "and" before the last author

Example:
Lumpkin, L. R., C. Simpson, and J. Hellsmuth, 3rd eds. 1989. Country singin' ain't for me. Washington, DC: Country Press.

Books with more than eleven authors

  • List the first seven author names followed by "et al", the first name being the only one inverted

Example:
Lumpkin, L. R., C. Simpson, A. Simpson, M. Burns, J. Lovejoy, B. Gumble, S. Christian, et al. 1989. Country singin' ain't for me. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Country Press.

Books with no authors

  • If there are editors, put the names of editors, "a comma (,) followed by the abbreviation "eds"
  • If there are no authors and editors, begin with the title

Example:
Simpson B., N. Callahan, eds. 1989. Country singin' ain't for me. Washington, DC: Country Press.

 
Country singin' ain't for me. 3rd Ed. 1989. Washington, DC: Country Press.

Books with both authors and editors

  • Place the author's name first, the abbreviation "ed." follows the title, then put the editors

Example:
Lumpkin, L. 1989. Country singin' ain't for me. 3rd ed. Powers R, Simpson L, eds. Washington, DC: Country Press.

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