Library Services Outage

Most library web services (including this site)  will be unavailable Wednesday, June 1st, between 5:45 am and 7:15 am due to planned maintenance on electrical feeders on the WSU Pullman Campus. We anticipate services will return on schedule.

Until services return, you may find materials at WorldCat Discovery.


All possible citation elements in order of appearance:

author | article title | journal title | volume, |issue number | publication year | URL | page numbers | accessed date

  • Titles of journals are italicized, article titles are in quotes

Electronic Journal Article from a Database

Example Note:

33. Raphael Rubinstein, "Provisional Painting", Art in America 97, no. 5 (2009),


Example Bibliography:
Rubinstein, Raphael. "Provisional Painting". Art in America 97, no. 5 (2009), (accessed 2009 June 4).

Two authors

  • All names are usually given in a bibliography or reference list. Word order and punctuation are the same as for three authors. In a note or a text citation, only the name of the first author is included, followed by "and others" or, especially in science, "et al.," with no intervening comma


  • The month and day need to be included if there is no volume, issue numbers or dates of update
  • A year and possibly an exact date, a month, or a season, appears in parentheses after the volume or or issue number. Seasons are capitalized when standing in lieu of a month or an issue number. Neither month nor season is necessary when the issue number is given
  • For a span of months, use a hyphen (e.g., March-April)

Volumes and issues

  • The volume number follows the journal title without intervening punctuation and is not in italics. Issue number follows volume number
  • Write both volumes and issues numbers in Arabic numerals

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